Friday, December 15, 2017

SCIENCE

SCIENCE
nanoparticles and blood

Nanoparticles in air pollution have been linked to heart disease; scientists have found a possible explanation for this. full text Tiny particles in air pollution have been associated with cardiovascular disease, which can lead to...
Robots

Taskin Padir, Northeastern University It’s quite common for humans – especially those who work in manufacturing – to tie a knot, strip the casing off a cable, insert a pin in a hole or use...

Thomas Hooven, Columbia University Medical CenterAs a neonatologist, I worry about patients with pulmonary hypertension. This unforgiving disease, sometimes seen after premature birth, can end with sudden death from constricting blood vessels in the...

In the past 10 years, the best-performing artificial-intelligence systems — such as the speech recognizer's on smartphones or Google’s latest automatic translator — have resulted from a technique called “deep learning.” Deep learning is in...

Introducing 'Operator 4.0,' a tech-augmented human worker The Fourth Industrial Revolution has arrived. The first was the steam engine-driven Industrial Revolution; the second involved the innovations from Henry Ford’s assembly line. Third, microelectronics and computer...

Elizabeth Tillinghast, Columbia University Medical Center The Republicans’ controversial effort to repeal the perhaps optimistically named Affordable Care Act because of rising premiums may be fatally stalled. But there are other ways to rein in...
robot

Christopher Markou, University of Cambridge This is where we are at in 2017: sophisticated algorithms are both predicting and helping to solve crimes committed by humans; predicting the outcome of court cases and human rights...

Tony Prescott, University of Sheffield How closely will we live with the technology we use in the future? How will it change us? And how close is “close”? Ghost in the Shell imagines a futuristic,...

Bruce Weinberg, The Ohio State University Science funding is intended to support the production of new knowledge and ideas that develop new technologies, improve medical treatments and strengthen the economy. The idea goes back to...

We live in a three-dimensional world, but everything we see is first recorded on our retinas in only two dimensions. So how does the brain represent 3-D information? In a new study, researchers for the...
Asimov

Asimov's Laws Of Robotics Aren't The Moral Guidelines They Appear To Be Tom Sorell, University of Warwick Seventy-five years ago, the celebrated science fiction writer Isaac Asimov published a short story called Runaround. Set on Mercury,...

Mark Robert Anderson, Edge Hill University When science fiction author Isaac Asimov devised his Three Laws of Robotics he was thinking about androids. He envisioned a world where these human-like robots would act like servants...