Thursday, July 27, 2017

SCIENCE

SCIENCE

It’s one of the tiniest organisms on Earth, but also one of the most abundant. And now, the microscopic marine bacteria called Prochlorococcus can add one more superlative to its list of attributes: It...

Ian Haydon, University of Washington As Bill Gates sees it, there are three main threats to our species: nuclear war, climate change and the next global pandemic. Speaking on pandemic preparedness at the Munich Security Conference...

Sean McWilliams, West Virginia University For the third time in a year and a half, the Advanced Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory has detected gravitational waves. Hypothesized by Einstein a century ago, the identification of...

When a ballerina pirouettes, twirling a full revolution, she looks just as she did when she started. But for electrons and other subatomic particles, which follow the rules of quantum theory, that's not necessarily...
nanoparticles and blood

Nanoparticles in air pollution have been linked to heart disease; scientists have found a possible explanation for this. full text Tiny particles in air pollution have been associated with cardiovascular disease, which can lead to...
Robots

Taskin Padir, Northeastern University It’s quite common for humans – especially those who work in manufacturing – to tie a knot, strip the casing off a cable, insert a pin in a hole or use...

Thomas Hooven, Columbia University Medical CenterAs a neonatologist, I worry about patients with pulmonary hypertension. This unforgiving disease, sometimes seen after premature birth, can end with sudden death from constricting blood vessels in the...

In the past 10 years, the best-performing artificial-intelligence systems — such as the speech recognizer's on smartphones or Google’s latest automatic translator — have resulted from a technique called “deep learning.” Deep learning is in...

Introducing 'Operator 4.0,' a tech-augmented human worker The Fourth Industrial Revolution has arrived. The first was the steam engine-driven Industrial Revolution; the second involved the innovations from Henry Ford’s assembly line. Third, microelectronics and computer...

Elizabeth Tillinghast, Columbia University Medical Center The Republicans’ controversial effort to repeal the perhaps optimistically named Affordable Care Act because of rising premiums may be fatally stalled. But there are other ways to rein in...
robot

Christopher Markou, University of Cambridge This is where we are at in 2017: sophisticated algorithms are both predicting and helping to solve crimes committed by humans; predicting the outcome of court cases and human rights...

Tony Prescott, University of Sheffield How closely will we live with the technology we use in the future? How will it change us? And how close is “close”? Ghost in the Shell imagines a futuristic,...